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Pile during the construction of head Frigate Project 22350 completed at the Severnaya Verf in St. Petersburg, told the Central Naval Portal source in the military-industrial complex. The ship is preparing for the conclusion of the workshop and docking for the subsequent descent, to be held during the month.




Frigate "Admiral Gorshkov" will be transferred to the Navy in 2011


The Navy will head Russian frigate Admiral Sergei Gorshkov, whose construction is at the plant "Severnaya Verf in St. Petersburg in 2011, told RIA Novosti Russian Navy.
The centenary of the famous Soviet naval commander Sergei Gorshkov, who created the Soviet nuclear fleet and headed glavkomat Navy almost 30 years, celebrated in Russia on February 26.
"The descent craft (Project 22350) for water is expected in late 2010, the transfer of the Navy in 2011 after a full cycle of testing" - a spokesman said.
According to him, "a term frigates of this project will enter the combat strength of all four Russian Navy."
He said that the need for the Russian Navy ships in this class range from 20 to 30 units. Frigate Project 22350 will be a major class of surface ships of the Russian Navy ocean areas in the twenty-first century, because it has versatile possibilities to perform tasks in a single voyage, and as part of groups, "- a spokesman said.
Currently, the Northern Shipyard is building the second ship of this project and the first serial Admiral Kasatonov, which was founded in November 2009. Northern Shipyard is the sole supplier 22350 frigates for the Russian Navy and is included in the appropriate register.
Project 22350 frigate was established in Northern Design Bureau, headed by Director General Vladimir Spiridopulo.
Project 22350 frigate will have a displacement of 4.5 thousand tons, maximum length - more than 130 meters, cruising range of more than 4,000 miles. The main weapon will be the eight anti-ship cruise missiles 3M55 Onyx, a new 130-millimeter artillery unit A-192, anti-missile system Medvedka-2 air defense missile system of medium-range "Hurricane." On the ship will be based Ka-32 helicopter.


Source RIA Novosti 02/26/1910





Denis Korablev



Project 22350





In 1977, the U.S. launched construction of a large series of multi-purpose frigates URO type O. H. Perry, head of modular design frigate was built in 1977 by opening its emergence a new generation of multi-purpose ships, frigates. The appearance of this ship led to a sharp obsolescence of national TFR and showed the need to develop radically new multi-purpose vehicle.


In the Soviet Union, the first studies on the appearance multi-MRS were carried out with the mid 70's, to 1981. Zelenodol'sk PKB was issued tactical and technical requirements for the project 11540 frigate, approved in 1983. 25 March 1987. ship has been laid, and 28 December 1992.acceptance certificate was signed. For political and economic reasons, a ship in the series and did not go after the construction of lead ship struck the collapse of the Soviet Union and the collapse of the defense, the second ship "Inaccessible" fame as one of the biggest long-term construction, being in construction for almost 20 years, he was transferred to the Navy only in 2009 with a new name, Yaroslav the Wise, the third TFR "Fog" was never completed, and the fourth TFR "Unstoppable" was withdrawn from the building before the bookmark. It must be said that the navy did not get it right the ship, none of the draft did not fully meet the needs of the fleet, all attempts to create a multi-purpose vehicle in a limited displacement rested on the need for a new weapon in standard sizes - modules with maximum uniformity of launchers and with a single system targeting and the conclusion of all air defense systems into a single circuit.


Parallel with the development pr.11540 Zelenodolsk PKB work going and the main developer of large patrol boats in the USSR, Northern Design Bureau. Unlike zelenodoltsev Petrograders continued to develop on the basis of already being built very successful housing pr.1135 upgrading and installing it on more modern weapons. In 1985. SPKB gets an assignment to develop a modular pilot training ship with a displacement of about 13,040 Project 6000t, chief designer appointed VI Mutihin. In 1986, a sketch plan prepared on the basis of which Mutihin drafting a multi-purpose vessel, equipped with modular weapon, universal vertical launchers, as well for ease of installation and upgrade in a modular layout is invited to all radar systems, and the whole range of multi-ship weapons.

According to the draft ship must have total displacement of about 6000 m, CPG anti-ship missiles, 4x2 PLUR, CPG ADMS medium and short range, one single-barrel artillery installation caliber 130 mm, 3 SPAR self-defense, one helicopter, SSC medium range. The project never gets implemented in the metal, but many of his ideas form the basis for the creation of a new ship, which will be discussed below.


 By the early 90's leading research institutions and the leadership of the Navy were established operational and technical requirements for prospective multi-purpose ships of new generation, unfortunately, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, many works on the development of advanced weapons no longer funded by the Ministry of Defence, and lay on the shoulders of the developers. This led to a strong prolongation of work on emerging multi-purpose vehicle and pushed the project indefinitely.


 In the early 90-ies of the PCB "Diamond" can be carried out and adopt a very risky but well-armed 12,441 project TFR "Thunder", which grew from a small rocket ship project in 1244 to a multi-purpose TFR, thereby putting a bullet in the evolution of small missile ships. To loud slogans about the revival of Navy ship laid at a shipyard Yantar, he is given the name "Novik", but unlike his Teske, our Novick does not get more time to cover the glory of the famous name of his predecessor. Construction in the era of chronic under-funding wallow in the unfinished research and development until 2002, the plant can not only form the hull without the add in the future decide to remake an unfinished ship in the first patrol and then to the training ship Borodino. One way or another, but in 2008 his unfinished building standing on a once-famous stocks Puffin, and will join the collection of long-term construction of the plant.  


Meanwhile, the issue of updating TFR rises more sharply and in June 2003, the Navy says preliminary design of a new multipurpose vehicle, made the North PKB on Project 22350, in early 2005 the project was adopted as a multipurpose frigate (according to Soviet classification of a large patrol craft) and 28 February in 2005 announced a tender for construction of the ship.The intention to participate in the tender announced major shipyards in Russia: St. Petersburg Severnaya Verf, Baltic Works, Admiralty Shipyards and Kaliningrad shipyard Yantar. October 21, 2005 after the announcement of the results of the tender, the contract is signed with JSC Shipbuilding Plant Severnaya Verf construction cerebral Project 22350 frigate, 1 February 2006, the ship is laid under the serial number 921 the main builder of the project is appointed Dmitry Silantev. Order of Commander of the Russian Navy Admiral Vladimir Masorin frigate is named "Admiral Sergei Gorshkov. Planned date of delivery is determined by the lead ship in 2009, but later postponed to 2011, the laying of the second building is expected in December 2009 in December 2009. be held descent cerebral vessel further stage of completion will be held at the outfitting of the plant wall. In total, the Navy plans building up to 20 ships.


                                                   Housing and overall design.


The ship has polubachnuyu architecture built into the body Missiles, with a solid suspension performed with use of composite structural materials (based on polyvinyl chloride and carbon fibers) to ensure absorption and dispersion of radio waves for the reduction of the secondary radar field craft. Physical Fields ship minimized, reduced the effective surface dispersion, all of this is provided by the original architecture superstructure and composite structural materials. Aft end - transom, hull lines and a sharp cut-water to ensure the seaworthiness of the ship are good, the double bottom of the bow section with ammunition and to the engine room and aft valances. On the ship should be installed new motion arrester with fixed landing rudders, this decision will reduce the volume occupied by the control mechanisms UCA. Seaworthiness of the ship must ensure the use of weapons and equipment without restrictions on running motion arrester at sea state up to 4-5 points. The entire missile ammo will be stored in vertical launchers have inherent protection. At the stern is the hangar and helipad to accommodate one helicopter.

Power plant.

The frigate is planned to install diesel-turbine unit type CODAG , enables collaboration diesel and gas turbine engines in the aggregate DGTA-M55MR. This solution will provide greater total capacity and efficiency at low speeds by diesels. Layout elements DGTU is likely to be placed in two compartments, gas turbine engines in the nose and engine in the aft engine room, which will spread the engine room into two watertight compartments.

As the march installation will be installed two diesel engines Kolomna plant 10D49 to 3825 kW (5200 hp..) With automatic control, each with two-speed reduction gear, provides a joint and separate work of diesel engines and turbines with a soundproofing composite clutch, and a local control system. Accelerator facility will be represented by two CCD M90FR joint development of Saturn from the NPP "Zorya - Mashproekt 27500l.s capacity each. Thus the two propulsion diesels power the ship will have 10400l.s that will meet 15-16uz economical progress. And at full speed in co-operation of diesel engines and turbines 64800l.s. that is quite enough to be on 29-30uz full speed for the ship of such tonnage. It should be noted that at this point for the domestic defense industry and Navy, it is the best solution for the ship of this class earlier in the national fleet has not been implemented just because of the complexity of design and complexity of managing the installation because of the different management principles and sustainer of the accelerator the engine, and the reluctance of the developers of units to take on the development of the whole plant in the complex. We can only regret that the technical solution in the domestic fleet was sold to belatedly from other developed countries, where overseas have already begun to appear warships from power plants, hybrid and full elektrodvizheniem. 

Project 22350 due to its multipurpose orientation should serve as a substitute once a number of ships, such as BOD, TFR, and give a new direction in the development of the Navy for many years to come.




The main impact will be a set of new universal shipboard firing system 3S14U1 (UKSK) in two standard modules for 8 cells, all ammunition will be 16 missiles stationed in the bow of the front suspension, the complex is designed for several types of missiles with a vertical start PKR Onyx (PJ -10 BrahMos ), 3M-54 3M14, 91RTE2 (missile complex "Caliber-NCE" ), Application UKSK makes a multipurpose warship, and its military designation can be changed on the basis by simply replacing the ammunition to another type of missile. Initially claimed that the ship will be installed SAM Hurricane, but this information is at least strange, because even with the 90-ies are working on creating a new medium-range air defense missile system with vertical launchers cell type in 32 (SAM 9M96E / M) or more missiles depending on the number of modules. Under this launcher developed a new super-maneuverable short-range missiles 10km, with a smaller diameter 125mm-type aircraft missiles RVV-AE (9m100), with accommodation in a single cell up to four missiles, in which case a full ammunition load can grow to a maximum of 128 short-range missiles. The new complex polyment-Redoute, would unify with developing new mobile land-use complex "Vityaz".

The complex will comprise four phased array antennas (APAA) "polyment, radar overview, SAM" Redoubt "with vertical launch systems (CPG) for the missiles of medium and short range, as well as by promising to develop missiles in the complex will include a system unified management tools EW, artillery A-192 and Zach "Palash", all items will run and managed in a single circuit air-defense providing a circular air defense aircraft and spacecraft from low-flying targets. The complex will be able to simultaneously issue a target indication of at least 16 goals (4 per AFD), aims to produce missiles with a firing rate of at least one rocket per second, and had broken through to finish low-flying targets with artillery, while suppressing and disorientation of their guidance systems with Through its electronic warfare systems. This creates not only air defense system with a single loop, but also reduce the number of battle stations and thereby reduce the ship's crew and the volume of residential premises.

Artillery cover will be a new 130-mm lightweight artillery installation of A-192 artillery system A-192-5P-10, with a system of fire control artillery complex 5P-10E, firing range to 22 km rate - 30 rds / min, the system has a wide range of angles of attack 170/80grd. and range of munitions, which allows her to hit the shore, sea and air targets. A new radar control system 5P-10E Puma has shelled targets in multi-channel and two combat modules SPAR "Palash" pobortno located next to the helicopter hangar.

Anti-submarine frigate's weaponry will be presented with two launchers Medvedka-2 with four missiles each, with pobortnym placement in the middle part of the superstructure for latsportami.

Means of detecting submarine sonar system will be presented to the Dawn-M or its further upgrading and low-frequency active-passive sonar "VIGNETTES-M is intended to equip the surface ships, solving the problem of anti-submarine defense, protection of water areas, escort ships and patrol. Uses a long flexible towed towed antenna (GPBA) and low-frequency transducer that provides an effective mode sonar detection of submarines low noise. Along with the sonar work performed ASG shumopelengovaniya mode, which allows detection of torpedoes and surface ships at long distances in the mode of sonar to 60 * miles. Also on the ship in a steady hangar located ASW helicopter Ka-28.




Estimated TTH.


Displacement: 3900/4500t

Basic dimensions: 130/16/4.5

GEMs           CODAG                                   64800l.s

Full speed:> 29.

Range, miles (kt)> 4000 (14uz)

Endurance day: 30

Number of trees 2

Screw Type: FPP

Crew attendees:                                                ~ 210





UKSK 2x8

SAM SAM 4x8 "Redoubt"

AU 130mm (A-192) _

SPAR 2 MB "Palash"

PLUR 2x4 "Medvedka-2"




PKR " Yakhont


Designation of the P-800 Yakhont (Yakhont-M) 
Marking NATO SS-N-26 
Dimensions & Weight 
Length, m 8 
Wing span, 1.7 m 
Diameter, 0.7 m 
Starting weight, kg 3000 
Transport-starting cup (TPN) length, 8.9 m 
diameter, 0.71 m 
launch weight, kg 3900 
Power plant 
Sustainer engine SPVRD 
Thrust, kgf (kN) 4000 
The mass of the COP, kg 200 
Start-dispersal stage solid propellant 
The mass of the CDS, approx 500 kg 
Flight data 
Velocity, m / s (M =) at 750 (2,6) 
near the ground (2) 
Launch range, km along a combined trajectory and 300 
for low-altitude trajectory to 120 
Altitude, m in the marching section 14000 
on low-altitude trajectory 10-15 
Target's 5-15 

Autonomous control system with an inertial navigation system and radar homing 
GOS range, up to 80 km 
capture angle objectives, degrees + / - 45 
weight, 89 kg 
readiness time, min 2 
Type of warhead penetration 
Warhead weight, kg 200 (250) 
The slope of the launcher, deg. 0-90
Combat readiness of the complex to the launch of the cold state of the equipment carrier, min 4 
Time mezhreglamentnyh checks, Year 3 
Warranty, Year 7




An example of continuing the glorious traditions of domestic marine artillery systems may be under development at KB Arsenal them. MV Frunze 130-mm gun mount miniature circuit A-192, which enters into an artillery range A-192-5P-10E. Installing A-192 is designed to improve the firepower of ships through the replacement of 100-mm artillery complex AK-100-MR-145 130-mm range of A-192-5P-10E. A-192 is a lightweight modification of 130-mm gun mount AK-130 to arm the ships with a displacement of 2000 tons and its tactical and technical characteristics and fully meets the challenges faced by means of artillery fire support and protect the future of naval ships of medium and small sizes. Complex A-192-5P-10E is designed to arm the ships and can fire on the shore, and air (including anti-ship missiles) and sea targets. The complex includes: odnoorudiynaya 130-mm naval gun mount A-192 fire control system artkompleksa 5P-10E, a set of 130-millimeter ballistic unitary munitions. Firing range to 22 km rate - 30 rds / min, the system has a wide range of angles of attack and the range of ammunition, which allows her to hit the shore, sea and air targets. For this complex and other pieces of artillery in the KB "Amethyst" at the end of 1990. completed the development of fundamentally new radar control system 5P-10E on modern element base, which has shelled targets in multichannel, high pomehozaschitoy through the implementation of complex signal, digital diagrammoobrazovaniya adaptive formation of "zeros" on the interference of digital processing of primary information. The system greatly improves the efficiency of fire with the introduction of new methods meteoballisticheskoy training, initial velocity gauges and other fundamentally new technical solutions. Today at KB Arsenal worked out a draft of 130-mm installation of A-192M, it can be manufactured according to modern stealth technology. To improve the efficiency artillery system to protect it can be placed up to four missiles caliber 200-mm and lengths up to 3000 m, an additional eight missiles can be installed in the cellar.





Based on the SAM Rif-M NRERI Altair is developing an integrated system of air defense firepower, designed for installation on the ship class "cruiser", "destroyer" and "frigate" (without the SAM and a large extended range). To create such a system in SAM RIF-M, in addition to long-range missiles 48N6E can be used long-range missiles and medium range 48N6E2 9M96E placed in the WPK. For ZUR48N6E2 9M96E and can be used universal launcher (CP) cell type with a vertical underdeck launch rockets. It is divided into modules consisting of eight cells, each contains a single SAM 48N6E2 or 4 SAM 9M96E. It is also possible to use SAM 9M96E from special small launchers Vertical launch. "

"... Against the background of impressive achievements, which are received by developers to launch PAC-3 and" Aster "rocket" Torch "notable are its characteristics. It is only slightly differing from each other in size and mass (weight 9M96E and 9M96E2 respectively 330 and 420 kg), these missiles can hit targets at ranges of, respectively, from 1 to 40 and 120 km and a height of 5 m to 20 and 30 km, which exceeds the corresponding figures for Asteria and missiles for the PAC-3. Unlike their foreign counterparts 9M96E 9M96E2 and use a "cold" vertical lift: before starting the main engine, they are ejected from the container to a height of 30 m. During the ascent to this altitude missile leaning toward the goal through the gas-dynamic system that allows you to achieve the lowest boundary of near-defeat. After main engine start at the beginning and middle sections of the flight path used by an inertial-corrected guidance, which allows for maximum noise immunity, and in the process of intercepting targets - homing. Before the meeting point in order to realize the regime is able to launch "super maneuverability", which uses gas-dynamic control system which allows for 0.025 sec. to increase the aerodynamic overload missiles at the twenty units.

Testing of new missiles conducted using the most sophisticated computer simulation programs that use the results obtained in the course of ground and flight test bench. Results of tests and studies show that 9M96E and 9M96E2 have almost 70-percent chance of a direct hit into a warhead tactical ballistic missile or warhead missile precision. In all other cases, the fault does not exceed several meters. In order that in this case, arming target was destroyed, and 9M96E 9M96E2 equipped with 24-kg warhead to a managed (through the use of a multipoint initiation system) field of defeat. "


SAM RVV-AE-ZRK supposedly has a range of 15 - 20 km.



SPAR "Palma"


Moscow Bureau Tochmash them. AE Nudelman presented their new developments in the field of air defense systems. Above all, this ship SPAR Palma-M and towed SPAR "pine" with a rocket, "Sosna-R. These complexes have a hypersonic (up to 1200 m / s) missile with control of the laser channel. High speed allows for a minimum time of defeat targets at ranges of up to 8 km.Compared with the SPAR Kashtan, the complex features a nearly two times more light SAM (weight 26 kg missile, warhead - 5 kg).


Marine anti-aircraft missile and artillery range near line of defense designed to practically guarantee the defeat of all means of air attack (IOS), including anti-ship missiles, flying at low and ultra-low altitudes, at close defense lines ship.


Basic principles of complex:

the application of combined arms, consisting of specially developed high-precision missile Sosna-R with the guidance of a laser beam and two high-performance guns AO-18KD, which led to the creation of a solid layered zone EHV defeat the enemy in the field of liability of the complex;

use of military equipment missiles optimal configuration will dramatically improve the impact by increasing the mass separated warhead and application of noncontact-contact laser fuse with continuous omnidirectional radiation with adaptive time undermining;

use a specially designed armor-piercing discarding sabot tracer core alloy Rentals, which provides guaranteed initiating the warhead RCC;

use of specially designed original multichannel automated high-precision, virtually all weather and vsesutochnoy opto-electronic system management (OESU) weapons;

The use of combined management system Missiles - radio command system at the launch site after the removal of the engine and the withdrawal of missiles at the line of sight - teleorientirovanie in a laser beam;

providing high noise immunity due to use for detecting and tracking the target, the measurement range and missile guidance to targeted protected opto-electronic channels;

Ensuring the possibility of detecting targets autonomously using OESU with a sector review and in the mode of receipt of the automated targeting;

Implementation of automatic and semiautomatic modes guidance.


The main advantages of SPAR "Palma":

high firepower, combined with low flight time and high-speed missile firing artillery unit;

high performance military applications, including high-speed and low-flying targets;

Full automation of the process of fighting activity;

short response time (time from target detection to the discovery of fire);

the possibility of conducting combat operation at any time and in adverse weather conditions;

secretiveness of the process of preparation for shooting, and high survivability;

insensitivity to radar and optical media

countermeasures used by the enemy.


Key Features




missile missiles, "Sosna-R

the mass of the rocket in flight / in the WPK, kg 28 / 38

maximum speed of the rocket, m / s 900

maximum overload, g 40


Artillery two guns AO-18KD

Caliber, mm 30

rate of fire, rds / min 10000

BPTS ammunition; OFZS, UTS

Muzzle velocity, m / s 1100; 940


Kill zone, km:

in range

Missiles 1.3 - 10.0

artillery weapons 0.2 - 4.0


Missiles 0,002 - 5.0

artillery weapons 0 - 3.0

Reaction time, with 3,0 - 5,0

Ammunition load, pcs:


projectiles 1500


Weight with ammunition, kg__ 6900


Guns 2 x AO-18KD

Caliber, mm 30

rate of fire, rds / min 10000

BPTS ammunition; OFZS, UTS

Muzzle velocity, m / s 1100; 940

Kill zone, km:

in range 0.2 - 4.0

height 0 - 3.0

Reaction time, with 3,0 - 5,0

Ammunition, sht__1500







Russia tries to catch up with the USSR
Laid the first frigate for the Navy

Yesterday in St. Petersburg shipyard Severnaya Verf laid head frigate "Admiral Gorshkov" Project 22350 for the Russian Navy. Commander in Chief of the Russian Navy Vladimir Masorin said that five of these frigates will be required to enter into all the fleets of the Russian Federation.Completion date given frigate in 2009. However, experts point out that given the number of new systems with head frigate may have the same problems as in the construction of the first submarine of a new type of "Lada", laid down in 1997.

The new frigate was the first surface ships far sea zone, which is laid for the Russian Navy after a 16-year hiatus. At the ceremony of laying the ship commander in chief of the Russian Navy Admiral Vladimir Masorin announced: "We are moving to the construction of a new type of ships, capable of solving complex problems. In its combat capabilities that exceed the frigate cruiser the previous generation. "

The project is a new multi-purpose frigates (the Soviet classification - a large patrol boat) has developed the Northern Design Bureau (St. Petersburg). Project 22350 frigate will have a displacement of 4.5 thousand tons, maximum length - more than 130 meters, cruising range of more than 4,0 thousand miles. The main weapon will be the eight anti-ship cruise missiles 3M55 "Onyx", a new 130-millimeter artillery unit A-192, anti-missile system Medvedka-2 air defense missile system of medium-range "Hurricane." On the ship will be based Ka-32 helicopter.

Order of Commander of the Russian Navy Admiral Vladimir Masorin frigate named "Admiral Sergei Gorshkov. This is the second ship named in honor of former Navy Commander of the USSR: in August 1990, the aircraft carrier project 11434 "Azerbaijan" was renamed "Admiral Gorshkov", but in January 2004, sold in India, which gave him the title of Vikramaditya.

In developing the Project 22350 frigate Northern PKB has used his studies for the project 1135.6 - frigates of this type were designed and built for India. However, according to the chief builder of the project Dmitry Silanteva, "image of the Russian ship and its architecture will be different from the Indian." According to him, in the frigate on the proportion of new systems have not less than 50%. Date frigate defined in 2009. Frigate is too new, inevitably arise the same problems as the construction of submarine Lada - says head of department of technical and economic assessments of the military shipbuilding Shipbuilding Research Institute Krylov Valery Polyakov. Recall of a new submarine of Project 677 "Lada" was laid at the Admiralty Shipyard in 1997, its delivery is expected only this year, and the cost, according to the report of the Accounting Chamber, has increased as construction.

"The first frigate will likely become part of the Baltic Fleet - Admiral Masorin announced. He estimated the needs of the Russian Navy frigates in Project 22350 in 20 units: all fleets will have five of these ships. "The main builder of the Severnaya Verf determined, but the creation of frigates for the Pacific fleet supposed to use one of the factories in the Far East", - said Vladimir Masorin. Obviously, the commander in chief meant Amur shipbuilding plant (Komsomolsk-on-Amur).

Until now, from surface ships commissioned by the Navy on the same Northern Shipyard building three Project 20380 corvettes. Head corvette - Stereguschy - was founded in December 2001, it was assumed that he will join the Navy in 2004. However, due to technical and financial problems corvette lowering the water is expected this year alone. The second corvette - "savvy" - founded in May 2003, he is still in the stage of the case. The third ship was laid in July 2005.Another corvette this project, however decided to give the Amur Shipbuilding Plant. 

Plans glavkomata fleet extend even further: at present, according to Vladimir Masorin, a development of larger ships - a destroyer with a displacement of 6.7 thousand tons. These ships were built in Russia since the early 1990's. In addition, Mr. Masorin said the desire to be commissioned in a few aircraft carriers. "We do not need to have 12 as the U.S., but such ships in the fleet should be" - he explained. True, the commander in chief said that while "our main task - to preserve the only Navy aircraft carrier" Admiral Kuznetsov ", and laying a new aircraft carrier - a perspective." Earlier glavkomat Russian Navy announced that it plans to book one or two new aircraft carriers in 2015. Only by this time the Russian Navy will be close to the fleet of the USSR, if not for membership, then at least available on the types of armed surface ships.



Victor Zucker , a columnist for Expert North-West

Navy frigate commissioned


At the board of procurement and supply ships, naval armaments and military equipment of the Ministry of Defense signed a contract with JSC Shipbuilding Plant "Severnaya Verf" (CB) for the construction of Project 22350 frigates head for the Russian Navy.

By signing this contract, the fleet started the second phase of shipbuilding programs, according to which in the next few years focuses on the construction of small ships near and far sea zone - corvettes and frigates. First the program began to build a corvette project 20380 "Guarding" (a tender this order went SW). The descent vehicle is scheduled for March next year. In addition, currently at the shipyard by request of the Navy built three ships (two corvettes and a special vessel of communication). Completed two destroyers for the Navy in China. One of them will be delivered to the customer before the end of 2005, the second - in the first half of 2006 - th.

Project 22350 frigate is designed Nordic engineering company and is designed for anti-submarine and shock problems. After a 15-year hiatus, this is the first Russian ship far sea zone.Displacement frigate - 8 tons (4500 tons - paralay ), its main weapon are eight anti-ship cruise missiles ZM55 "Onyx", a new 130-millimeter artillery unit A-192, anti-missile system Medvedka-2 air defense missile system average range "Hurricane." Bookmark frigate will be held in February of 2006, the Navy, he will do in 2009.

Under the program, by 2015 the Navy need in project 22350 frigates is estimated at 10-20 units.The military had planned to announce a tender for the construction of lead ship in early 2002.However, if it was not included in the state defense order. The main contenders for the frigate construction were considered to Kaliningrad Yantar, Baltic Shipyard and CB. The tender took place only in 2004-2005. It scored a victory in the CB. By the time the Kaliningrad Yantar "was already in pre-bankruptcy state, so the only real rival shipyard was the Baltic Shipyard. We host CB - United Industrial Corporation (UIC) - the hardware weight was higher than that of the owners of the Baltic Shipyard. According to observers, that the results of the bidding forced the group to sell EAST Baltic Plant DIC.


















































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4 June 2008